Category Archives: Pregnancy

Baby’s vision development

baby eye sight

Your baby’s vision development over time

Most people are aware that babies do not have full 20/20 vision at birth. However, as a new parent, you might be unsure of how and when your baby’s vision development will occur.

Let’s go through what you need to know, including a timeline for how your baby’s vision will change during their first year.

How does your baby’s vision change during those first few months?

Babies can distinguish between light and dark even when still in the womb. They see shapes at birth by following the lines where light and dark intersect. However, they must be several weeks old before they will see their first primary color, red.

Babies learn to use their sight in their first weeks and months – or, more accurately, their eyes “learn” how to see. Although each eye has the physical structure required to begin seeing correctly, the two eyes have not yet learned to function together – and this “binocular vision” develops during the first few weeks and months of life.

binocular vision

The Stages of Baby’s Development

Newborns

Initially, your baby’s vision would be limited to the space between your arms and your face (about 8 to 10 inches). This means your baby can see your face when you are holding them in your arms. These images are not yet clear though.

black and white vision

Few weeks old

By a few weeks old, babies enjoy staring at people’s faces, so make sure to allow them plenty of one-on-one attention. However, they are still unable to detect moving objects.

Baby eye contact

2-3 months old

Some babies can begin to recognize faces at this age, but their vision is still somewhat fuzzy. Although researchers are unsure how many colors newborns will see, they are expected to notice different colors around this age.

baby eyes

3 to 4 months old

Babies at this age can see several feet in front of them and across the room. At four months, the baby’s eyes can detect faster movements, sense depth, and even grasp at moving objects. You may notice them following moving objects. Their eyes are beginning to work together, and they’re learning distance perception. Babies may detect variations in color shades (especially red and green) and can start to prefer certain ones.

3- 4 month

 

12 months old
Your baby is finally able to see as much as the people around her, though their eyes are still undergoing  developmental changes.

baby eye sight

Babies can’t see pastel tones 

The part of the eye which is responsible for seeing colour, is underdeveloped at birth. This is why babies show more interest in contrasting dark and light colours in the early months. This suggests that they have very little contrast sensitivity when presented with similar colours.

As a result, at birth, babies can only differentiate between red, white, and black. In terms of what newborn babies will understand, the practice of pastel tones and light colors is unrealistic. So, to encourage your babies vision development contrasting colours such as black and white and deep colours including red, green etc will be easier for your baby to focus on.

colours

Importance of Stimulation 

Your baby’s brain and eyes continue to coordinate objects to recall what they’ve seen during this crucial first year. As a parent, you may take an active role in your baby’s eye growth and well being as part of your daily routine. The appropriate stimulus may enhance imagination, attention span, memory, and nervous system function. So, make sure your kid has lots of fun stuff to look at.

Ideas to support your baby’s vision development

  • Playing with your child is, unsurprisingly, one of the easiest ways to foster vision growth.
  • Keeping your baby engaged with the world around them will help them improve vital hand-eye coordination and fine motor skills.
  • Encourage exercises such as tummy time to help infants discover their surroundings.
  • Provide a visually stimulating environment including, toys, books and a play mat that encourages vision development.
  • Spend time cuddling with them, conversing with them, and playing with them.
  • Continue to indulge your kid in friendly games like peekaboo as he or she grows and develops motor skills.
  • You can also play with blocks or other construction toys together to support development.

 

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Getting your play mat to settle

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Baby Nicknames

Patrick Jackson

Did you have a baby nicknames for your little one when you were pregnant?

With babies? Or with your little people? I must admit I used the Resume Test when we named our children… pretending that they had to fill out an application or go for a high-profile job. So our children have a formal first name which are all family names, with tonnes of scope for nicknames as we aren’t really formal people. And the baby nicknames started right from pregnancy.

We had surprises so we needed baby nicknames

With all three of our pregnancies, we did not find out our babies’ gender until they entered the world. I wasn’t a huge fan of referring to our little ones as “It” when I was pregnant so naturally a whole list of baby nicknames emerged.

Frederick aka Freddy our first child was called Jellybean, I’m not sure how it started but he kept this nickname all through pregnancy. However, once he came out all roly poly and delicious a couple of new nicknames emerged. The two I remember most were Bear Cub and Man Cub (yes, it’s a reference to the Jungle Book). Finally, these days he gets Freddy, Fred Bear, Freddo Frog and just plain Fred.

Freddy

Patrick also had nicknames during pregnancy. With him I called him Little One a lot but he also got Jellybean and Munchkin as well. All pregnancy I was convinced we were having a boy so we had to put a lot of time into choosing a boys name as we’d already used our fave. What got us over the line with Patrick was our love of the nickname PJ. So Patrick Jackson became PJ, Peej, Peejy Parker (no idea where this came from), and Peaches.

Patrick Jackson

Ruby, is still really new to this world. Again she got jellybean, but I also just referred to her as little baby throughout the pregnancy as she felt smaller. Already she gets Baby Girl, Big Girl, Ruby Rubes and the other day one of her brothers accidentally called her Ruby Boobie. Hopefully that one doesn’t stick.

Baby nicknames

Whether your baby’s nickname was Munchkin, Bear or Baby Bear, we’d love to hear what nicknames you used. Tag us on Instagram (freddy.and.co) and share your nicknames.

Descriptive Praise

Descriptive Praise.. Where have you been all my parenting life? Five years into my parenting journey and I’m still learning new things all the time. I’d never heard of descriptive praise until recently. The boys were fighting and not listening when I was talking to them and we were having a tough afternoon. That night […]

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Baby’s vision development

Your baby’s vision development over time Most people are aware that babies do not have full 20/20 vision at birth. However, as a new parent, you might be unsure of how and when your baby’s vision development will occur. Let’s go through what you need to know, including a timeline for how your baby’s vision […]

Read more

When should babies start floor time?

Free the Babies – When should babies start floor time? It’s important babies start floor time from an early age. Babies are raised in a world full of capsules, prams, swings, bouncers, hammocks, docks… the list is endless. More and more parents look for items to support, hold, and comfort children that it is preventing […]

Read more

Self Care in Pregnancy

Pregnant

Just found out you’re pregnant? Congratulations! Getting pregnant is a colossal milestone in life. But, now what do you do? What are the next steps after achieving pregnancy success? Are you ready for the changes that are coming ahead in this beautiful journey?

If yes, then lets chat about self care in pregnancy and ways to get your pregnancy off to the best start!

Schedule A Check-Up

First things first, schedule a check-up for yourself. During this test, your doctor or ob-gyn will go over issues, such as you and your families’ health history.

doctors appointment

Make sure to bring a list of any questions you may have. Your visit should cover anything you’re worried about, from screening for any health conditions that can affect pregnancy to screening for pregnancy fitness.

Start Eating Healthy

Tired of flipping through the never-ending pages of a medical book trying to figure out what to eat during pregnancy? If yes, you’re on the right webpage. Healthy eating keeps you feeling better and gives your baby the essential supplements needed to grow and develop.

The best food to eat when you are pregnant are those that are packed full of essential vitamins and nutrients. Sometimes morning sickness may make you feel more like a Big Mac or a creamy donut but it’s best to maintain a healthy diet as much as possible.

healthy habits

Best and Worst Foods to Eat During Pregnancy [1]

When creating your healthy diet plan, you’ll need to focus on whole foods that give you higher levels of the good stuff, for example,

Protein

Calcium

Vitamins and minerals

Healthy fats

Complex starches

Fiber and liquids

Here are a few highly nutritious foods to eat when you’re pregnant to help ensure you’re hitting those supplement goals.

Water, water, water.

Fresh fruits & vegetables

Lean protein

Legumes

Starchy foods (carbohydrates)

Dairy products, especially yogurt

Salmon

Hydration is crucial! While recommending the best foods to eat when pregnant, remember a few things a pregnant woman should remove from the menu.

Alcohol

Seafood high in mercury

Limit caffeine intake

Limit foods high in sugar

Unpasteurized (raw) milk

* Fish with high mercury, such as (bigeye fish, marlin, orange roughy, shark, ruler mackerel, swordfish, or tilefish.)

no alcohol

Exercise Regularly

Moving your body is another incredible way to stay healthy during pregnancy. Strive to get at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise for an average of 150 minutes every week. Exercising will help you maintain a healthy weight.

Folic Acid — food for baby’s nervous system

Folic acid or folate is a B vitamin [2] that plays a vital role in synthesising nucleic acids during pregnancy. It forms the baby’s brain and spine. Its deficiency can lead to neural tube defects (spina bifida), cleft lip, and congenital heart disease. [3]

It is essential to start folic acid before pregnancy (three months before conception) and continue until the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. The recommended dose of folic acid is 400[4] micrograms per day.

Revamp Your Wardrobe

You have no clue how much your body will change during and after pregnancy. How do you figure out how to look (and feel) presentable? The answer is the proper clothes! Here’s your closet scheme:

  • Go Drapey 

A pregnant and a new mother’s body is in a condition of transition that can be hard to dress.

Wearing tops and dresses that drape over and away from your belly, as opposed to fitting firmly, is a perfect choice. Shirt dresses, Empire-waist dresses, tunics, and tops with ruching are all incredible alternatives.

pregnant outfit

  • Keep Your Footwear Comfortable

As your body transforms, you need to feel as comfortable as possible and what you wear dramatically affects that. As the months’ progress, you may see your feet and lower legs beginning to swell. This can be a significant source of uneasiness, so pick your footwear accordingly– a good pair of sandals will be both comfy and cute.

Pause for a moment and take a deep breath

This is a defining moment…, likely one you’ll think back on for a long time to come. So, get excited- the fun is just starting!

 

For more on pregnancy read our blog about Old Wives’ Tales here

References

  1. The Best and Worst Foods to Eat During Pregnancy | Eat …. link
  2. Vitamin B / Folic Acid. Here
  3. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2013 Sep; 10(9): 4352–4389. Published online 2013 Sep 17. doi: 10.3390/ijerph10094352
  4. Taking Folic Acid Before Getting Pregnant? – Clearblue.

Descriptive Praise

Descriptive Praise.. Where have you been all my parenting life? Five years into my parenting journey and I’m still learning new things all the time. I’d never heard of descriptive praise until recently. The boys were fighting and not listening when I was talking to them and we were having a tough afternoon. That night […]

Read more

Baby’s vision development

Your baby’s vision development over time Most people are aware that babies do not have full 20/20 vision at birth. However, as a new parent, you might be unsure of how and when your baby’s vision development will occur. Let’s go through what you need to know, including a timeline for how your baby’s vision […]

Read more

When should babies start floor time?

Free the Babies – When should babies start floor time? It’s important babies start floor time from an early age. Babies are raised in a world full of capsules, prams, swings, bouncers, hammocks, docks… the list is endless. More and more parents look for items to support, hold, and comfort children that it is preventing […]

Read more

Baby Gender – Old Wives’ Tales

pregnancy announcement

Baby Gender – Old Wives’ Tales

After you share the good news with your loved ones, you will undoubtedly start getting the question: “Do you know what you’re having?” Old wives’ tales are a fun (yet not scientific) approach to find out the sex of your child.

These days, a simple blood test can tell you the sex of your baby as early as ten weeks into your pregnancy. But a few people depend on old wives’ tales as sound strategies for gender prediction.

Sweet Versus Salty Cravings

As the weeks tick on, you want to have certain foods— like, right now! Indeed, those are your pregnancy cravings. Can’t get enough of the sweet stuff? You may be having a little girl. If salty bites are what you’re after, maybe you’re having a baby boy. (And if you’re wanting everything? Well, that just means you’re pregnant.)

Dangling A Ring

Take your wedding ring and append it to a string. Lie down and have somebody hold the hanging ring over your belly. If it swings in a round movement, you’re having a girl. If it moves in to and fro like a pendulum, you’re probably having a boy.

The Heartbeat Theory

baby heart beat

Fetal heart rate ranges somewhere in the range of 110 and 160. If your baby’s heart rate averages in the 110 to low 130s range, the thought is that it’s probably a boy, and if it’s in the 140s to 160 range, it’s likely a girl. Mid-130s to 140s is unpredictable, and where a lot of heart rates fall.

Extreme Nausea

Little girls aren’t always sweet. Extreme nausea indicates you are having a baby girl. Morning sickness impacts most pregnancies somewhat. What’s interesting is that very recent research shows there may be some truth to this tale.

Your Bump Shape

Does your tummy stick out straight like a torpedo?

Bump Shape

Some may say you’re sure to have a baby boy.  If you’re looking thicker around the edges or carrying wide, you may have a baby girl in there.

Pregnancy Glow, Or No Glow

If your complexion is bright and your hair looks like that of a hair commercial, you could be having a boy. If that much discussed ‘pregnancy glow’ is missing in action, instead you’re breaking out, it might simply mean you have a young lady growing inside you. (It’s said girls take Mum’s beauty.)

Moody Versus Mellow

If you’re feeling more irritable than mellow, you may be having a girl. And if you’re more relaxed, legend has it you must prepare for a boy.

If the Daddy Is Gaining Weight or Not

The old wives’ tale says there’s a decent possibility you’re having a boy if your partner has been able to maintain his physique even when the scale tips upward for you as the weeks progress. And if your partner is gaining weight alongside you (also known as “sympathy weight”), that could be a sign that you’re carrying a girl.

The bottom line

While the chances of the prediction being correct are still low, these can be fun strategies.

baby gender

So, feel free to enjoy the guessing game. Even if you wind up going with an innovative strategy to know your baby’s sex, an old wives’ tale, or you find out as our forefathers would have done it in the labour room, you’ll experience passionate feelings for that child in your arms regardless.

Here’s to having  a sound (and adorable) boy and girl!

 

Descriptive Praise

Descriptive Praise.. Where have you been all my parenting life? Five years into my parenting journey and I’m still learning new things all the time. I’d never heard of descriptive praise until recently. The boys were fighting and not listening when I was talking to them and we were having a tough afternoon. That night […]

Read more

Baby’s vision development

Your baby’s vision development over time Most people are aware that babies do not have full 20/20 vision at birth. However, as a new parent, you might be unsure of how and when your baby’s vision development will occur. Let’s go through what you need to know, including a timeline for how your baby’s vision […]

Read more

When should babies start floor time?

Free the Babies – When should babies start floor time? It’s important babies start floor time from an early age. Babies are raised in a world full of capsules, prams, swings, bouncers, hammocks, docks… the list is endless. More and more parents look for items to support, hold, and comfort children that it is preventing […]

Read more